The Golden Temple,a living symbol of the spiritual and historical traditions of SikhsJanuary 15, 2016
14th January is an auspicious day for all the Sikhs across the globe as on this day Sri Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji, the Fifth Nanak, got the foundation stone of The Golden Temple laid by a Muslim Saint Hazrat Miyan Mir Ji of Lahore in the December 1588.
Earlier the planning to exhume Amrit Sarovar was chalked out by Sri Guru Amardas Sahib Ji, the Third Nanak, but it was executed by Sri Guru Ramdas Sahib Ji under the supervision of Baba Budha ji, who was also the devotee and first appointed Granthi i.e. the reader of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
Situated in Amritsar, northern Punjab which means land of Five Rivers, the Golden Temple is surrounded by the Amrit Sarovar (pool of nectar), which is considered to be a holy water body. Also known as Harmandir, originated from two words Hari (God) and Mandir (Temple) which means Temple of God, the Golden Temple is referred to as Darbar Sahib as well, which means Court of the Lord.
The Gurdwara is constructed of white marble, overlaid with genuine gold leaf strands in the centre of a sarovar, and Gold plated Gumbaz (Dome). The Gurdwara is decoratedinside and out with verses from the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji (the Sikh holy book) and is reachedby following theParikrama on the marble pathway called the Gurus Bridge, which symbolizes the journey of the soul after death.
The Golden Temple is accessible to each and every person without any distinction of Caste, creed, sex and religion and is open from all four sides, symbolizing religious openness. Pilgrims from around the world are drawn to Sikhism holiest shrine to worship, listen to the Holy Scripture Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji being read there.
To be more accessible to the pilgrims,Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji is constructed on a lower ground whereas other Hindu temples are generally constructed on a higher ground, like a mountain or a hillock. Gurdwara DukhBhanjaniBeriis locatedon the eastern flank of the sarovarby the side of a jujubetree known as DukhBhanjani(eradicatorof suffering) Beri.